Early Portuguese and Spanish Explorers

Henry the Navigator

Henry the Navigator had a very significant role in the age of exploration He sent many expeditions to the west coast of Africa and southwards as he looked for a sea route to the spice islands.
Henry encouraged and employed the best sailors, navigators, ship makers, map makers and any other people that he would've needed in his journey to explore. He did this because he wanted and needed them to get to the spice islands easily without fail. Henry was famous for the reason that he contributed thoroughly to the age of exploration, geographical discovery and the opening up of trade and cultural links between Europe and the East. This was why he was given the title the navigator, however another factor contributing to him being well known was the fact that he was a prince, politician, warrior and grand master of the Order of Christ.
Capture.JPG
Sages in Portugal is Henry the navigators base

Henry the Navigator
Henry the Navigator


a caravel is a small, fast Spanish or Portuguese ship of the 15th–17th centuries
a caravel is a small, fast Spanish or Portuguese ship of the 15th–17th centuries

the School of Navigation was established in 1910 to provide seamen with the technical knowledge necessary to advance their career prospects
the School of Navigation was established in 1910 to provide seamen with the technical knowledge necessary to advance their career prospects


The Famous Explorers

Christopher Colombus

Christopher Colombus was born in 1451 in 'Republic of Genoa' and died in 1506 at the age of 54. He was an explorer, colonizer, and navigator. He was an Italian explorer who sailed around the Atlantic ocean (in 1492) in search of what is known today as India. Christopher sailed 3 ships these included the Niña, the Pinta, and the Santa Maria in which he used in his journey hoping to discover India. He did this journey for King Ferdinand II and Queen Isabella of Spain, in the end he only did four trips to the Caribbean and South America.

His route and journey
His route and journey

Christopher Colombus
Christopher Colombus

Bartholomew Dias

Bartholomew Dias was born in 1450 and died in 1500 at the age of 49 due to sailing in a storm and the ship sinking beneath the waves. He was a Portuguese explorer, he sailed around the southernmost tip of Africa (in 1488), he was the first European to have done so. He was also a nobleman of the Royal house hold. The reason for his venture to explore was because King John II wanted a spice trade, he had to sail because if he did not King John would have his men to kill Bartholomew. The ship that he sailed on was named Sao Cristovao (Saint Christopher).
a picture of a map of his journey
a picture of a map of his journey

Bartholomew Dias
Bartholomew Dias

Vasco da Gama

Vasco was born in 1460 and died in 1524 because of an illness. He set off on his journey and ended up sailing from Portugal to the East (in 1497) which was his Father's route to begin with. However he died and Vasco's brother did not want to go so he went instead. The ships that he sailed were The Sao Gabriel, The Sao Rafael, A Store Ship and The Berrio. The importance of his voyage was firstly completing it for his Father and he also found trade route to India.
da Gama's route
da Gama's route

Vasco da Gama
Vasco da Gama

‍Ferdinand Magellan

Magellan was born in 1480 in Portugal and died in 1521 when he was aged 40-41. He set out on his voyage (1519-1522) to discover a westward route to the Spice Islands to serve King Charles 1 of Spain. The names of his ships were Victoria, San Antonio, Concepcion, Trinidad and the Santiago, only one ship came back to Spain this was the Victoria.
Ferdinand's journey
Ferdinand's journey

Ferinand Magellan
Ferinand Magellan


Early English and Dutch Explorers

Francais Drake's Route
Francais Drake's Route

Francis Drake

Date of voyage: 1542
Name of Ship: Goldern Hind
Importance of voyage: He circumnaviagted the world




Abel Tasman's route
Abel Tasman's route

Abel Tasman

Date of voyage: 1642
Name of Ship(s): Heemskerck and The Zeehae
Importance of voyage: He discovered north africa, discovered tonga,
discovered tasmania, New Zealand and mapped the east coast of Australia.





William Dampier's route
William Dampier's route

William Dampier

Date of voyage: 1688
Name of Ship(s): The Roebuck, The Duke, The Saint George
Importance of voyage: He discovered Shark Bay on the west coast of Australia







James Cook's route
James Cook's route

James Cook

Date of voyage: 1768
Name of Ship(s): Endeavour,Resolution and The Adventure.
Importance of voyage: He discovered Australia