heny the navigators base was located in sagres on the coast of portugal

Under Henry's support, encouragement, privilege and financial aid a community of amazing scholars came to teach and to study at henrys school of navigation, and gained nautical knowledge as it was brought back by captains of successful voyages to unknown places. The scholars in turn taught less experienced captains about Atlantic currents and wind systems and the latest navigational methods. map making was refined with the use of newly devised instruments. Maps were regularly updated and extended. A revolutionary type of vessel, the caravel, was designed. The caravel was a small highly manoverabvle ship with lateen sails for maximum speed220px-Henry_the_Navigator1.jpgimages.jpg07_13.jpg

In 1486 Bartolomeu Dias went on an expedition to the Gold Coast. he was appointed by king John the II of portugal as the head of an expedition that was to endeavor to sail around the southern end of Africa in the hope of finding a trade route leading to Asia. Another purpose of the expedition was to try to find the country of which recent reports had arrived through João Afonso de Aveiro and with which the Portuguese wished to enter into friendly relations. His flagship was named the São Cristóvã

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chrtistopher columbus was a spanish explorer
Between 1492 and 1503 he completed four voyages across the Atlantic Ocean that led to general European awareness of the American continents. Those voyages, and his efforts to establish permanent settlements in the island of Hispaniola, initiated the process of colinisation, of what became known as the "New World" his ship was named the Santa María
Vasco da Gama is famous for his completion of the first all water trade route between Europe and India in 1498.734px-Gama_route_1_svg.png
São Gabriel, was the name of his ship
This voyage was very impactful and paved the way for the Portuguese to establish a long lasting colonial empire in Asia. The route meant that the Portuguese wouldn't need to cross the highly disputed mediterranean nor the dangerous Arabia and that the whole voyage could be made by sea.

Ferdinand Magellan
Magellan's expedition of 1519–1522 became the first expedition to sail from the Atlantic Ocean into the Pacific Ocean (at the time know as "peaceful sea" by Magellan), and the first to cross the Pacific Ocean.Although Magellan did not manage complete the entire voyage himself, as he was killed during the Battle of Mactan in the Philippines
His flagship was named the Trinidad

Early English and Dutch Explorers

Francis Drake
Sir Francis Drake was an englishman (born in 1544) and is famous for being the first man to circumnavigate the earth. He started this adventure on the 15th of November 1577 and was knighted on the 4th of April 1581.

His ship was named the golden hind.

Abel Tasman
Abel Tasman (born in 1603) was a Dutch seafarer, explorer and merchant, best known for his voyages of 1642 and 1644 in the service of the United East India Company. Him and his crew were the first known Europeans to reach the islands of Van Diemen's Land (now know as Tasmania) and New Zealand, and to sight the Fijian islands. His navigator François Visscher, and his merchant Isaack Gilsemans, mapped substantial portions of Australia, New Zealand and some Pacific Islands.
His ship was named Engel

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James Cook

James Cook (Born in 1728) made detailed maps of Newfoundland. He also made the first European contact with the eastern coastline of Australia and the Hawaiian Islands, and the first recorded circumnavigation of New Zealand in 1768.
His iconic ship was named the endeavour.

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William Dampier (born on the 5th September 1651) was the first Englishman to explore previously unexplored parts of new holland of New Holland (Australia) and also was the first person to circumnavigate the world three times.
his first circumnavigation was in 1679.
His ship was nanmed the Roebuck

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